In this article, it first describes a model of individual susceptibility to interrogative influence. Then suggests which features
of individuals diagnosed with particular mental disorders might render them prone to succumbing to either false or coerced confessions.
The purpose of the two projects discussed in this report was to create and validate mental health screening instruments corrections staff can use during intake of inmates.
This problem-oriented guide for police explores challenges and solutions in the important interface between law enforcement and the mentally ill.
Intended for law enforcement agencies establishing programs and practices to better serve people with mental illness.
Explores how law enforcement agencies nationwide have implemented innovative treatment of citizens with mental illness who interact with the criminal justice system.
This article presents a non-technical
summary of systematic reviews. After discussing the need for different evidence to respond to different questions, it
examine some of the challenges in locating “evidence.” It considers two policy-relevant examples of systematic reviews addressing popular justice programs (Scared Straight and D.A.R.E.) and conclude with the argument that systematic reviews
and meta-analyses offer the most useful information to decision makers who want to base their decisions on “what works” rather than ideology, tradition, politics, or anecdote.
Examines an alternative model to mental health courts for improving the processing and prognosis of mentally persons following arrest.
This report to the Washington State Legislature summarizes the cost benefit of various measures aimed at reducing crime rates.
This article offers a reviewof the literature that exists on individualswith dual diagnosis
and discusses policies creating the trajectories for mentally ill individuals with
substance abuse problems and their community reentry after involvement with the
criminal justice system.
This article suggests some of the ways in which communities have attempted to respond to these issues, and highlights the fact that judges have become significant leaders as well as innovators in such efforts.
This study estimated current prevalence rates of serious mental illness among adult male and female inmates in five jails during two time periods (four jails in each period). Across jails and study phases the rate of current serious mental illness for male inmates was 14.5% (asymmetric 95% confidence interval [CI]=11.0%–18.9%) and for female inmates it was 31.0% (asymmetric CI=21.7%–42.1%). The estimates in this study have profound implications in terms of resource allocation for treatment in jails and in community-based settings for individuals with mental illness who are involved in the justice system.
Across the United States inmate health care comprises as much as a third of the cost of corrections departments. This report presents options to substantially reduce costs without reducing quality of the care. Drawing upon practices of jails and prisons, the authors examined cost-savings potential, impact on service quality, transferability, impact on staff, and impact on the community.
The disproportionate number of people with behavioral health disorders involved in the criminal justice system puts a tremendous strain on scarce public resources and has a huge impact on health care and criminal justice budgets. This research summary demonstrates that with appropriate treatment and access to community-based services, this population is less likely to be incarcerated and more likely to lead healthy, productive lives—while resulting in substantial costs savings.
This report, modeled on promising approaches in the mental health field to people experiencing a first episode of psychosis, outlines a new integrated framework that encourages the mental health and criminal justice fields to collaborate on developing programs based on early intervention, an understanding of the social determinants that underlie ill health and criminal justice involvement, and recovery-oriented treatment.
This article highlights BJS data regarding medical conditions, mental health problems, disabilities, and mortality among jail inmates. Individuals who are incarcerated are more likely to have a disability, a chronic medical condition, and are more likely to be mentally ill when compared to the general population. Furthermore, of those who are mentally ill (40% of inmates), more than three-quarters met the criteria for substance dependency or abuse (Based on most recent 2002 Substance Abuse Jail Data).
U.S. incarceration has grown rapidly over the last three and a half decades, driven by changes in criminal justice policy, not underlying changes in crime.
This report highlights policy that combat inappropriate incarceration and criminalization of people with disabilities, as well as steps to ensure appropriate and humane treatment of people with disabilities throughout the justice system, from police practices to courts, conditions in jails and prisons, and reentry.
This research article aims to address the following objectives: (1) explore jail staffs’ experiences
with seriously mentally ill inmates; (2) understand the training provided to sheriffs’ deputies and
other jail staff on effective ways to handle seriously mentally ill inmates; and (3) describe the
kind of treatment types and resources available to treat seriously mentally ill inmates in county jails.