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Report highlights special programs for women and provides contact/resource tools of promising programs around the nation for women in jail.



As part of a series, this paper highlights gender-specific programs and issues with women in jail with mental illness and substance abuse.



This report summarizes current knowledge on the characteristics of women in correctional settings, the ways in which gender makes a difference in current criminal justice practice, and multidisciplinary research and theory on women’s lives that have implications for managing women in the criminal justice system. It concludes by offering guiding principles and strategies for improving the system’s response to women offenders.



This article is part of a series that discusses topical issues relating to women in jails and highlights promising programs from around the nation.



An article part of a GAINS series on topical issues relatingto women in jails and highlights promising programs from around the nation.



An article part of a GAINS series on topical issues relating to women in jail and highlighting promising programs from around the nation.



Literature from CSAT grant project staff offers helpful guidelines and ideas for designing promising programs to help addicted women in the criminal justice system.



First article introducting a GAINS series on Justice-Involved Women with Co-Occurring Disorders and Their Children.



This document is intended to provide diversion program and specialty court staff with an overview of the issues specific to women involved with diversion programs / specialty courts, as well as provide key areas of modification to services to improve and enhance services for women.



In this review from the WHO, a gendered, social model of health is used to investigate critical determinants of women’s mental health with the overall objective of contributing to improved, more effective promotion of women’s mental health that is grounded in research evidence.



Shannon Lynch of Idaho State University, Dana DeHart of the University of South Carolina, Joanne Belknap of the University of Colorado at Boulder, and Bonnie Green of Georgetown University conducted a multi-site study on women incarcerated in jails and the different pathways they take to get there. This study was funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. Lynch, DeHart, Belknap, and Green interviewed 450 female inmates regarding their personal experience of serious mental illness and the path that lead them to jail. They found that “a majority of women in jail had at least one of the assessed mental health disorders in their lifetime. One in four women met the criteria for lifetime serious mental illness, substance use disorders, and PTSD.”



In this article, authours Miller (New Hampshire Department of Corrections) and Najavits (VA Boston Healthcare System) suggest strategies for implementing trauma-informed correctional care, specifically addressing administrative support, staff development, programming, and relevant clinical approaches. The authours suggest trauma-informed care demonstrates promise in increasing offender responsivity to evidence-based cognitive behavioral programming, reducing criminal risk factors and supporting integrated programming for offenders with substance abuse and co-occurring disorders. They further suggest that trauma-informed correctional care and staff training can help create an environment conducive to rehabilitation as well as increasing staff and institutional safety. To do so will require an understanding of criminal justice priorities, workforce development, and specific approaches to screening, assessment, and programming that unify the goals of clinical and security staff.



The following SAMHSA article focuses on applying the "Sequential Intercept Model" to assist in developing effective trauma-informed systems. These communities highlighted focus on five “intercept” points at which women may come in contact with the criminal justice system, each of which offers an opportunity to begin recovery.



This Brief reports the results from the Women’s Pathways to Jail study, which can be used to develop strategies to address and respond to how mental illness, trauma, and other disorders lead to women’s involvement in the criminal justice system.



Increasing numbers of women in prison raise concerns about gender-specific problems and needs severity. Female offenders report higher trauma as well as mental and medical health complications than males, but large inmate populations and limited resources create challenges in administering proper diagnostic screening and assessments. This study focuses on brief instruments that address specialized trauma and health problems, along with related psychosocial functioning.



This study examined the gender differences in drug-related problems and predictors of recidivism among a sample of 1444 offenders with co-morbid drug abuse and mental disorders participating in California’s Proposition 36 Program. This is a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)-funded multi-site prospective treatment outcome study designed to assess the impact of Proposition 36 on California’s drug treatment delivery system.